Political alliances in Iraq and the problem of forming a government
Keywords:Political alliances, Consociational democracy, Coalition governments, Government formation in Iraq
Since 2003, Iraq has witnessed a major political change represented by changing the political system from a political system that relies on one party to a pluralistic political system based on multi-partisanship. Political alliances in Iraq have been and still are the axis upon which any political process in the country is based, since the first elections held in the country after the end of the former regime. However, the importance of these alliances has increased recently - prior to the formation of Al-Sudani's government - with the unprecedented political impasse, and each of the allied parties clinging to each other's position, amid questions about the fate of the political process in Iraq in light of the continuation of these alliances, or even their disintegration in the event Failure to reach a conclusion removes the crisis situation. And if we accept that the principle of consensual democracy adopted by Iraq, and proportional representation in its electoral system, is a government composed of coalitions that are more capable of making policies in a manner that is stable and moderate. and that policies backed by broad consensus are more successfully implemented and proven to be more effective than policies imposed by "decisive" government against the wishes of significant sectors of society.
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